Child abduction is a widespread problem resulting from the growth in international marriages and the greater and easier movement of persons. It is the indicator of an extreme conflict between parents. Russia is a party to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction 1980, which came into force between Russia and about 70 States. The Russian legislator following the concentration principle, entrusted eight courts of first instance with the competence to hear abduction/access cases in Russia:
According to the “Overview of child return cases under the 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention” dated December 18, 2019 drafted by the Russian Supreme Cout, In the period from 2016 to 2018, 71 return cases were heard overall: 13 cases in 2016, 26 cases in 2017, and 32 cases in 2018. In 23 cases, the applicants’ claim for return of the child was satisfied; and in 48 cases, the applicants’ claim for return of the child was refused.
It is to be noted that no legal aid is granted for the abduction/access cases, and the Russian Central Authority – Ministry of Education is not empowered to bring abduction or access cases before court.